The various meanings of word sometimes give me some direction the project would go.
Suspend has about 4 different meanings. First, it means temporarily preventing from continuing or being in force and effect. SYNONYMS : abstain, refrain, forbear, hold back, keep. Secondly, it is about hang (something) from somewhere. SYNONYMS : hang, sling, drape, string, put up. Also, it means that being disperesd throughout the bulk of a fluid. Last definition is prolong ( a note of a chord) into a following chord, usually so as to produce a temporary discord.
To be honest, I don’t know what I design but I might these meanings as kinds of methods for experiment or functions of object. And I'll use the synonyms to research in the library.
Suspend-ed in green : an installation hanging by a thread - Bradshaw-Heap, Laura; Lesley Craze Gallery ; Studio Gabi Green ; V&V Gallery
It was interesting to start introduction of the book from the definition of word because it was same with my initial approach method in respond to projects.
Also, I could add a little bit different definition of suspend to the my dictionary based on online research.
HILDE DE DECKER - For the farmer and market Gardner
Suspend-ed in green : an installation hanging by a thread - Bradshaw-Heap, Laura; Lesley Craze Gallery ; Studio Gabi Green ; V&V Gallery
I could find all definitions of suspend from the work.
The tomatoes were hanged by a kind of stem and floating in the jar filled with water. And its growing looked stopped by the ring which tightens the small tomato.
I think that the artist who made the work used well the defintions of word as the method for representing.
The basic concept of utopia is essential for researching 'utopianism' because utopianism is the kind of people's effort and source such as thoughts and attitude for making an utopia.
"The word comes from Greek: οὐ ("not") and τόπος ("place") and means "no-place", and strictly describes any non-existent society 'described in considerable detail'. However, in standard usage, the word's meaning has narrowed and now usually describes a non-existent society that is intended to be viewed as considerably better than contemporary society. Eutopia, derived from Greek εὖ ("good" or "well") and τόπος ("place"), means "good place", and is strictly speaking the correct term to describe a positive utopia." From : Google
After researching the utopia, I thought hundred of utopianism are existed in the world depends on what kind of utopia people want. I need to research more about history of utopianism and ideals in the various fields.
UTOPIA - Economics
There were lots of change in economical utopia as the development of the economy have been processed over the world for centuries. However, common characteristic is that it is always connected with the people's equal life. To be specific, people don't have to suffer from the inflation and financial problem because of an egalitarian distribution of goods, frequently with the total abolition of money. It might means the money is not crucial in the this utopia. They can lead their life, doing work which they enjoy and which is for the common good and leaving them with ample time for the cultivation of the arts and sciences.
If I connect the utopia with "suspend", I might present the people's life in which they don't have to suffer from the money.
UTOPIA - Feminism
The sexual utopianism is offering some form of equality between male and female by addressing misogyny. To be detail, the effort for overcoming the problem includes reorganizing society along separatist lines, creating a certain kind of androgynous equality that ignores gender, or in some other manner. Utopian single-gender worlds or single-sex societies can be regarded as one of the primary ways to explore implications of gender and gender-differences. The use of female-only worlds allows the exploration of female independence and freedom from patriarchy.
The overall concepts of utopianism are about equality, overcoming and accepting differences of others and harmony. I thought theses characteristics came from the common property 'absorption'. Therefore I will progress the first project into the absorption.
LEATHER - Structure
LEATHER - From Animals
"Most leather is made of cattle skin, but many exceptions exist. Lamb and deerskin are used for soft leather in more expensive apparel. Deer and elkskin are widely used in work gloves and indoor shoes. Pigskin is used in apparel and on seats of saddles. Buffalo, goat, alligator, snake, ostrich, kangaroo, ox, and yak skins may also be used for leather. At different times in history, leather made from more exotic skins has been considered desirable. For this reason, certain species of snakes and crocodiles have been hunted. Although originally raised for their feathers in the 19th century, ostriches are now more popular for both meat and leather. In Thailand, stingray leather is used in wallets and belts. Stingray leather is tough and durable. " From : wikipedia
Basically, I needed to research the animals used for leather because there were many different types depends on skins. However, just researching via online couldn't give me enough information about texture and characteristics. So I would go to the library to look the various leathers from the different animals.
LEATHER - Production Processes
The leather manufacturing process is divided into three fundamental subprocesses: preparatory stages, tanning, and crusting.
"The preparatory stages are when the hide/skin is prepared for tanning. Preparatory stages may include: preservation, soaking, liming, unhairing, fleshing, splitting, reliming, deliming, bating, degreasing, frizing, bleaching, pickling, and depickling. Tanning is a process that stabilizes the protein of the raw hide or skin so it does not putrefy, making it suitable for a wide variety of end applications. . The most common tanning material is chromium, which leaves the tanned leather a pale blue color (due to the chromium). This product is commonly called wet blue. The hides, when finished pickling, are typically between pH 2.8 and 3.2. At this point, tannery workers load the hides into a drum and immerse them in a float that contains the tanning liquor. Crusting is a process that thins, retans, and lubricates leather. It often includes a coloring operation. Chemicals added during crusting must be fixed in place." From : wikipedia
In the process, I found the definition of suspend (floating) and the common characteristic utopianism (absorption) when the leather was contained in the drum for tanning.
LEATHER APPAREL DESIGN - FRANCESCA STERLACCI
I thought the leather jacket could be a means which would help their journey and adventure for her utopia.
The picture of the hanged leather for drying included the main two topics. Therefore the shape might give inspiration.
I could find the common feature about posture when people seat on the chair. It is that most of them crossed their legs in the cafe. The remained hip prints on the chair, especially on the sofa, was interesting me because I could image how people cross their legs on the chair through the printed depts.
ILLUMINATE - RESEARCH
Visible electromagnetic radiation. Of the entire electromagnetic spectrum, the human eye is sensitive to only a tiny part, the part that is called light. The wavelengths of visible light range from about 350 or 400 nm to about 750 or 800 nm. The term "light" is often extended to adjacent wavelength ranges that the eye cannot detect—to infrared radiation, which has a frequency less than that of visible light, and to ultraviolet radiation and black light, which have a frequency greater than that of visible light.
- Incandescence - the emission of light from a hot body as a result of its temperature.
- Nuclear and high-energy particle
- Celestial and atmospheric(There are many sources of light. A body at a given temperature emits a characteristic spectrum of black-body radiation. A simple thermal source is sunlight, the radiation emitted by the chromosphere of the Sun at around 6,000 kelvins (5,730 degrees Celsius; 10,340 degrees Fahrenheit) peaks in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum when plotted in wavelength units and roughly 44% of sunlight energy that reaches the ground is visible.)
- Luminescence - emission of light by a substance not resulting from heat.
- Chemiluminescence is light resulting from a chemical reaction.
- Bioluminescence is light resulting from biochemical reaction by a living organism.
- Electrochemiluminescence is light resulting from electrochemical reaction.
- Crystalloluminescence is light produced during crystallization.
- Electroluminescence is light resulting of an electric current passed through a substance.
- Cathodoluminescence is light resulting from a luminescent material being struck by the electrons.
- Mechanoluminescence is light resulting from a mechanical action on a solid.
- Photoluminescence is light resulting from absorption of photons.
- Radioluminescence is light resulting from bombardment by ionizing radiation.
- Thermoluminescence is light from the re-emission of absorbed energy when a substance is heated.
- Cryoluminescence is the emission of light when an object is cooled.
Change in direction of part or all of a wave. When a wave, such as a light or sound wave, encounters a surface separating two different media, it bounces back into the original medium. The incident wave (striking the surface), reflected wave, and the normal (line perpendicular to the surface) all lie in the same plane; the incident wave and reflected wave make equal angles with the normal.
When light enters a transparent material some of its energy is dissipated as heat energy, and it thus looses some of its intensity. When this absorption of energy occurs selectively for different wavelengths of light, they light that gets transmitted through the material will show only those wavelengths of light that are not absorbed. The transmitted wavelengths will then be seen as color, called the absorption color of the material. When visible light strikes an object and a specific frequency becomes absorbed, that frequency of light will never make it to our eyes. Any visible light that strikes the object and becomes reflected or transmitted to our eyes will contribute to the color appearance of that object. So the color is not in the object itself, but in the light that strikes the object and ultimately reaches our eye.
Light scattering is a form of scattering in which light in the form of propagating energy is scattered. Light scattering can be thought of as the deflection of a ray from a straight path, for example by irregularities in the propagation medium, particles, or in the interface between two media. Deviations from the law of reflection due to irregularities on a surface are also usually considered to be a form of scattering. When these irregularities are considered to be random and dense enough that their individual effects average out, this kind of scattered reflection is commonly referred to as diffuse reflection.
Most objects that one sees are visible due to light scattering from their surfaces. Indeed, this is our primary mechanism of physical observation. Scattering of light depends on the wavelength or frequency of the light being scattered. Since visible light has wavelengths on the order of hundreds of nanometers, objects much smaller than this cannot be seen, even with the aid of a microscope. Colloidal particles as small as 1 µm have been observed directly in aqueous suspension.
Bibliography of research :
21st Century Lighting Design - Alyn Griffiths
Philip Treacy : hat designer - Marion Hume with Philip Treacy
KNOTTED 1 - Plaited hair
ENTANGLED 3 - Plaited hair
ENTANGLED 1 - Snakes
ENTANGLED 2 - A seal entangled in a fishing net
Leng Soh - Attachment – Severed
Talia Mukmel -Terra Cotta Project
Floor van Doremalen - Imprint of Skin materials
Karoline - Hyseas
Korean Tile Roof
Ctrlzak & Davide Barzaghi - Quartz
Calorie Pangilinan - Honey I’m Home
en&is - TOTEM SERVING SET
Surface & Substance - CAA Gallery; Turrell, Jessica.
International CRAFTS - MARTINA MARGETTS
PORCELAIN MASTERS - Burkett, Richard
Covered & Textured
Tiago Braz Martins - Double X Chair
Rotation of pelvis
EPIC FARMHOUSE RENOVATION IN GIRONA, SPAIN BY ARQUITECTURA-G
Tale Co. - Moon Glass
Manjuzaka - Skogen 817
Ann Hamilton's the event of a thread
Wobble board exercise
Conflicting emotions - By Sonya
Urs Fischer: wax, beds and problem paintings
Bart Hess - Garment district
BLUE WITH BEIGE - Encaustic - 2009 by Rosemarie Hughes
Glue Guns for Wax Seals
A Cup of Tear_by Johnson Tsang
Susie MacMurray - Anima 2011
Michael Murphy -'LOOK'.
I could researched a new method how to suspend through Layering.
Personally, it looked like representing the abstract thing, especially the own deep inner mind, using the layer technique. Utopianism is also very abstract topic so it might okay to use this method for representing the utopianism.
Johnson Tsang-‘Hang in There’ Lucid Dream Series
I was interested in the ceramics so the work was very interesting to me. The texture of ceramics sometimes are regarded as rigid and hard thing but this work would break the frame.
FLOATING THREADS - JUDI ACHJADI
It shows the other sides of suspend, hanging or floating, through waving thread on a wheel.
UTOPIA - Ecology
The utopia in terms of Ecology means a more sustainable society. Especially, it describes world having new ways to overcome a gap between the modern Western way of living that destroys nature and a more traditional way of living before industrialization.
Therefore, I can say that the utopianism is kind of effort to protect the nature from the excessive industrial development and co-exist with other creature such as animals and plants, sharing nature.
Hieronymus Bosch - 'The Earthly Paradise'
France - 'Utopian flying machines'
Before highly development of science, people who lived in the past, might think the developed technology helps people's humanity and freedom. It is different aspect in comparison with future utopia in science.
Sheepskins - stiff and thick but very soft and rolled
Lambskin - very thin and soft
Morocco Leather Souq
The 'absorption' could be found in the tanning process. In Morocco, there are very beautiful tanning liquid contained in the pot. I was interesting the surface.
I could get some additional information about the production process of leather, in particularly about tanning.
The shape of accumulated leather after tanning was interesting to me. This is because the result of tanning through absorption could be say as an utopia.
I needed to research method how to experiment mixing colors through absorption because I couldn't tan the leather in reality. Also, it was interesting the pattern because of the compression.
A light ray entering a different medium is called the incident ray; after bending, the ray is called the refracted ray. The speed at which a given transparent medium transmits light waves is related to its optical density (not to be confused with mass or weight density). In general, a ray is refracted toward the normal when it passes into a denser medium and away from the normal when it passes into a less dense medium.
SHARONE POOLE - WRAPED & STRAIGHT
The fact that refractive indices differ for each wavelength of light produces an effect called dispersion. This can be seen by shining a beam of white light into a triangular prism made of glass. White light entering such a prism will be refracted in the prism by different angles depending on the wavelength of the light. The refractive index for longer wavelengths (red) are lower than those for shorter wavelengths (violet). This results in the a greater angle of refraction for the longer wavelengths than for the shorter wavelengthsWhen the light exits from the other side of the prism, we see the different wavelengths dispersed to show the different colors of the spectrum.
"Bending of waves around the edge of an obstacle. When light strikes an opaque body, for instance, a shadow forms on the side of the body that is shielded from the light source. Ordinarily light travels in straight lines through a uniform, transparent medium, but those light waves that just pass the edges of the opaque body are bent, or deflected. This diffraction produces a fuzzy border region between the shadow area and the lighted area. Upon close examination it can be seen that this border region is actually a series of alternate dark and light lines extending both slightly into the shadow area and slightly into the lighted area." From:
I think I could use the properties of the light in my work.I want to explore xxxxx
DIFFRACTION OF WAVES
Light waves reinforce or neutralize each other in very much the same way as sound waves. If, for example, two light waves each of one color (monochromatic waves), of the same amplitude, and of the same frequency are combined, the interference they exhibit is characterized by so-called fringes—a series of light bands (resulting from reinforcement) alternating with dark bands (caused by neutralization). Such a pattern is formed either by light passing through two narrow slits and being diffracted (see diffraction), or by light passing through a single slit.
The relative positions of light and dark lines depend upon the wavelength of the light, among other factors. Thus, if white light, which is made up of all colors, is used instead of monochromatic light, bands of color are formed because each color, or wavelength, is reinforced at a different position. This fact is utilized in the diffraction grating, which forms a spectrum by diffraction and interference of a beam of light incident on it.
Normal light vibrates equally in all direction perpendicular to its path of propagation. If the light is constrained to vibrate in only on plane, however, we say that it is plane polarized light. The direction that the light vibrates is called the vibration direction, which for now will be perpendicular to the direction.
Malin Bobeck - Liquid Light
Alan Jaras - Twisting Light
Berta Fischer - Binab
August Allen - Iridescent Cloud
Marc Adamus - Desert
Calleta Silkmoth Caterpillar
GEORG HORNEMANN - Hornemann, Georg, 1940-; Stecker, Raimund; Thümler, Claudia
Greal, Koralle und Silber Greal, Skull with ants, coral and silver
Eyewitness SKELETON - STEVE PARKER
POROUS 1 - Sponge
POROUS 2 - Toast
POROUS WORK - Gerhard Lutz
PERFORATED 1 - Mathery Studio - Tubo
Texture materials - Russell Gagg
THE Pop-Up GENERATION - Lidewij Edelkoort
SCULPTURE NOW - Anna Moszynska
BRIE PULL APART BREAD!?
Pull up a chair
B-boy with Korean traditional dance and Sangmo
Simon Porte Jacquemus
Bianca Chang - Light Maps
HellaGanor - Twisted 14k Gold Pendant Necklace
Weighted Russian twist
ICED COCONUT MATCHA LATTE
To regain hand movement after stroke
Single stroke pottery design By : ( @tom_kemp_ )
brush stroke texture
Alex Stoddard - Drop
Bleached Drop Cloth Curtains
Melted candle sculpture
Helen Sobiralski - COCKAIGNESQUE
Jason Martin Pymp, 2013
Manjuzaka - Bizarre Trees 1246
Enric Adrian Gener - '27mm'
I could imagine suspending (floating) personal utopianism on the water through the picture.
Gray Malin - 'Poolside'
I could imagine suspending (floating) social utopianism (linked) on the water through the picture.
Numen - 'For use'
I could find some definitions of suspend from the netting work because people can have some fun on the nets which are hanged and dispersed in the air. I could expend my idea's scale like the work.
UTOPIA - Science and Technology
The utopia in terms of science has both beneficial and harmful points. The profits are about developed people's living standard. To be detail, scientific utopia makes the absence of death and suffering possible, changing the human nature and condition. However, in the Opposite side, the advanced science and technology will, through deliberate misuse or accident, cause environmental damage or even humanity's extinction. Also, it would change responsibility and freedom brought by division of labour, depriving humans of their autonomy, and advocate the collapse of the industrial civilization, in favor of small-scale organization, as a necessary path to avoid the threat of technology on human freedom and sustainability.
I might use 'absence of death and suffering' or 'absence humanity' to connect the word suspend(stop).And I have been many movies related in these aspects of utopia. If my project would be processed into this concept, watching the movie will be a good source.
Kresta King - 'Barcode'
UTOPIA - Politics and History
In history, there were many attempts to make world peace through adaptation of possible interactions with different cultures and identities. A major cultural thaw took place: humanity communicates with a galaxy-wide Great Circle and develops its technology and culture within a social framework characterized by vigorous competition between alternative philosophies. Lots of communes over the world have attempted to improve the way humans live together in communities. For example, The back-to-the-land movements and hippies try to live in peace and harmony on farms, remote areas, and to set up new types of governance. Until now, Intentional communities were organized and built all over the world with the hope of making a more perfect way of living together.
In this aspect, I was interested in the harmony which accepts other identities. The process of accept can be linked with hanging.
UTOPIA - Religion
The religion utopia seemed same with politics and hisory.
This is because it is similar to multiculturalism where real world cultures have successfully worked together to create a wider society based on shared values. Different religious leaders set aside their differences and accepted harmony, peace and understanding to unite all religions within one another.
Social Network Graph
These graphs showed the raise of the usage about network over the world. I thought it was related to developed technology and science and also it lead a kind of harmony socially. The each utopianism in science and culture were mixed through the network.
I could find the mix visually and might refer the raised shapes.
CALEDONIAN - soft, slightly wrinkled
METALLIC - thicker and more lined than first, backside is a little bit hard
LUSTRANA - same thick with second, slightly wrinkled, backside is a little bit hard
SATEEN - slightly wrinkled, thicker than second, backside is little bit soft
GRAMPIAN - wrinkled clearly but flexible
INGLESTON - thickest, stiff, wrinkled like leaves, backside is soft
Combination of different leather pieces was like harmony of different cultures. And the completed leather jacket would be used for someone's utopianism.
I could study the relation between the body and jewellry.
Christine Wood - Light Shower
John McAslan + Partners - King’s Cross Station
The centrepiece of the £500m redevelopment is the new vaulted, semi-circular concourse to the west of the existing station. The concourse rises some 20m and spans the full 150m-length of the existing Grade I Listed Western Range, creating a new entrance to the station through the south end of the structure and at mezzanine level to the northern end of the Western Concourse.
STANTON WILLIAMS - UAL Campus for Central Saint Martins
Following an original competition-winning scheme for a new building for Central St. Martin’s, part of the University of the Arts London, we were asked to masterplan and design a new 32,000 m² campus for 5,000 students.
The design combines the 19th century Grade II listed Granary building and transit sheds – with a 200 metre long new building that uses industrial materials and creates robust spaces for the students, full of natural light. An internal street draws daylight in and acts as a central circulation spine with suspended walkways, cafes, film, graphic and light projections. The spaces are designed to be flexible and ‘raw’, to allow the different departments within the college to develop their own identities, whilst maintaining the integrity of the buildings as a whole.
Performance spaces including two theatres and dance studios are designed alongside exhibition areas, a roof garden, bar and ticketing area. A sustainable energy strategy, including photovoltaic cells, has led to the building achieving a BREEAM rating of ’very good’. The new campus will provide an unparalleled inspirational and creative space for the university and its students.
Stanton Williams were also asked by King’s Cross developer, Argent, to create a new events pavilion at the edge of Goods Yard Square in front of the Granary building, and to design their new offices in one of the preserved transit sheds.
HEATHERWICK - Bleigiessen - London, United Kingdom
HEATHERWICK - Cloud Bridge - Bakewell, United Kingdom
HEATHERWICK -Al Fayah Park – Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
HEATHERWICK - Zeitz MOCAA - Cape Town, South Africa
HEATHEWICK - Tangy Slik - Suzhou, China
HEATHERWICK - UK Pavilion - Shanghai, China
Candling of egg to observe embryo
Embryonated egg culture
The process of cultivating embryonated hens' eggs inoculated with animal viruses for scientific purposes, including the production of viral vaccines. Embryonated eggs are among the most useful and available forms of living animal tissue for the isolation and identification of animal viruses, for titrating viruses, and for quantity cultivation in the production of viral vaccines. The embryo proper, chorioallantoic membrane, yolk sac, allantoic sac, or amniotic sac may be inoculated in hens' eggs of various ages, so a wide choice of types of tissue is available to fit the characteristics of the virus under study or for special investigations. The chorioallantoic membrane is frequently used; in some infections, such as smallpox, vaccinia, and herpes simplex, characteristic lesions are produced, which in some cases may resemble those in the natural host. For example, smallpox virus when cultured on the chorioallantoic membrane produces pocks and typical inclusions within the infected cells. When the embryo is inoculated, characteristic skin eruptions appear. Influenza virus, however, when inoculated into the amniotic cavity, does not give rise to pathology like that of the natural infection.
Visualizing Chick Embryo Development
An Embryonated egg showing sites of inoculation
Chicken embryos inoculated with Newcastle disease virus.
1. Two embryonated chick eggs are candled using a candling device to demonstrate the viability of the embryo. The embryo is viable, if it shows movement in response to heat from light. Also the positions of the air sac and large blood vessels are determined and marked on the egg shell during candling.
2. The shell is disinfected over the air sac with tincture iodine and then allowed to dry. The same place is swabbed with absorbent cotton soaked with 70% alcohol.
3. The tip of a small drill is sterilized by dipping in 70% alcohol and then flaming it.
4. Using this drill, a small hole is made aseptically on the shell over the air sac in a region away from the blood vessels.
5. 0.2 ml of the 1:2 dilution of Newcastle virus is aseptically injected into the allantoic cavity of one of the two eggs using a sterilized syringe. This is done by holding the egg in a vertical position, inserting the needle of the syringe through the hole on the shell to its hilt at a 45° angle, piercing the air sac membrane and penetrating into the allantoic cavity. This virus- inoculated egg serves as the ‘test egg’.
6. After inoculation, the needle is withdrawn and the hole on the shell is sealed with sterile hot vasper.
7. Using the same technique, 0.2 ml of sterile saline is inoculated into the other embryonated chick egg, which serves as the ‘control egg’.
8. Both the eggs are incubated at 37°C for 3 to 4 days in an incubator with proper humidity.
9. The observations are noted every day.
10. Once death has been determined, the embryo is dislodged from its shell and the contents poured into a petri dish and again observed.
11. All contaminated materials are discarded into a beaker containing bleaching powder.